Scott D. Gilbert, PhD, is an economist with a bachelor’s degree from the University of California Berkeley and a PhD from the University of California San Diego. His research interests include econometrics, statistics, ﬁnancial economics, and antitrust economics. His research appears in leading peer-reviewed journals and in a recent book on antitrust economics. He has taught undergraduate and graduate economics courses for over 20 years, and before his academic career, he served as a research associate for the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. He applies economics as a consultant on employment-related tort cases, antitrust claims, and policy analysis. As an economist expert witness, he has testiﬁed many times in the last decade, in state and federal courts across the nation.