Kalyan Sankar Mandal undertook this work at the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences Calcutta (CSSSC) as ICSSR Senior Fellow. Before joining CSSSC, he was professor of sociology, Public Policy and Man- agement Group at the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (IIMC). He taught at IIMC for more than 25 years. Before joining IIMC, he taught at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai and at the Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune. During the academic year 2013–14 he was Visiting Professor (ICCR Chair), at the University of Lund, Sweden. He did his doctoral research at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. The major area of his research interest is sociology of poverty, social welfare and social policy, including business solutions for poverty. He is associated with a couple of NGOs and a not-for-profit company engaged in mitigating child malnutrition among the poor through social business.